How Do You Read P&L Statements?

What items appear on the income statement?

The most common income statement items include:Revenue/Sales.

Sales Revenue.

Gross Profit.

Gross Profit.

General and Administrative (G&A) Expenses.

SG&A Expenses.



Depreciation & Amortization Expense.


Operating Income (or EBIT) …


Other Expenses.More items….

What is an audited P&L?

Profit-&-loss statements, also referred to as p&l statements, are financial reports that indicate a company’s ability to manage expenses and income according to the Corporate Finance Institute. … A CPA audited statement is classified as certified, according to Investopedia.

How do you calculate P&L?

There are several components to a profit and loss statement, but the simplest way to calculate profit and loss is Income- Expenses = P&L.Add up all income (revenue)Add up all of the expenses (e.g. COGS, operating expenses, interest, taxes)Subtract the difference between the two.

Is P&L same as income statement?

Profit and Loss (P&L) Statement A P&L statement, often referred to as the income statement, is a financial statement that summarizes the revenues, costs, and expenses incurred during a specific period of time, usually a fiscal year or quarter.

What should be included in a P&L?

The P&L statement includes subtotals that reflect important information, such as the total amount of long- or short-term debt, the cost of raw materials used to create goods for sale, overhead costs, and taxes.

What are the 3 sections of an income statement?

Revenues, Expenses, and Profit Each of the three main elements of the income statement is described below.

What are the 5 elements of net income?

What Is Net Income (NI)? Net income (NI), also called net earnings, is calculated as sales minus cost of goods sold, selling, general and administrative expenses, operating expenses, depreciation, interest, taxes, and other expenses.

What does a P&L statement show?

The profit and loss (P&L) statement is a financial statement that summarizes the revenues, costs, and expenses incurred during a specified period, usually a fiscal quarter or year.

How do you manage a P&L statement?

Here are some ways to get started:Create P&L statements. First, create profit and loss statements. … Compare P&L statements. Once you have your profit and loss statement for each accounting period, you can make comparisons. … Make changes to business finances. … Meet with an accountant.

What are the 4 parts of an income statement?

The income statement focuses on four key items—revenue, expenses, gains, and losses. It does not differentiate between cash and non-cash receipts (sales in cash versus sales on credit) or the cash versus non-cash payments/disbursements (purchases in cash versus purchases on credit).

What is profit and loss statement example?

Example profit and loss statementTotal revenue$1,000,000Insurance$15,200Interest and bank charges$27,300Postage$1,500Printing and stationery$8,70020 more rows

What are P&L responsibilities?

Profit and Loss (P & L) responsibility is one of the most important responsibilities of any executive position. Having P & L responsibility involves monitoring the net income after expenses for a department or entire organization, with direct influence on how company resources are allocated.